What is Aadhaar?
A tool for social empowerment and inclusion, Aadhaar is a 12-digit number being issued to all residents by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). This number is stored in a central database and linked to some basic demographics and biometric information — photo, 10 fingerprints and iris — of each individual.
What is need of Aadhaar?
For applicants, Aadhaar, over time, will be recognized and accepted across the country and become the basic, universal identity of residents for all public and private services. Once enrolled, service providers will no longer face the problem of performing repeated ‘know your customer’ checks.
Origin of Aadhaar
Inability to prove one’s ‘identity’ is one of the biggest barriers preventing the poor from accessing benefits and subsidies given by the government or private agencies.
Aadhaar promises an identity to every resident – children, tribal people, unorganized workers, the poor and the marginalized can also secure a unique identity.
Who is eligible to get Aadhaar?
Every individual, from infants to seniors, who is a resident in India and satisfies the verification process laid down by the Authority, can get an Aadhaar.
Procedure to Get Aadhaar
The resident needs to go to the nearest enrolment camp and register for an Aadhaar, along with certain specified documents. Upon registering, residents will go through a biometric scanning of 10 fingerprints and iris. They will then be photographed. The ‘Aadhaar’ number will be issued within 20-30 days.
Check status of Aadhaar application
Every resident seeking enrolment is given a printed acknowledgment form with an enrolment number that enables her/him to make queries through any of the communication channels – phone, fax, letter or e-mail.
What use can Aadhaar be put to
Aadhaar means foundation. It can be used in any system that needs to establish the identity of a person seeking a service.
It will particularly help the delivery of programme on food and nutrition, employment, education, inclusion and social security, healthcare, and other services such as property transactions, election card, tax card and driving license.